Instructions for Authors

Detailed Formatting Instructions

Please follow this order to type the manuscript: cover letter, title page, abstract, keywords, main text (including tables and figures), appendix (if necessary), acknowledgements, declaration of competing interest, references, graphical abstract, and electronic supplementary material (if necessary).

Cover letter

All submissions must include a cover letter that includes a convincing statement of the novelty and significance of the work and the relevance to the aims and scope of Journal of Advanced Ceramics. This statement should not be a duplicate of the submission’s abstract.

If the submission has been rejected previously by any journal, including Journal of Advanced Ceramics, the cover letter should include the manuscript's previous submission history and response to referees' comments, as an appendix to the cover letter.

If any electronic supplementary materials (ESM) are submitted together with the manuscript, a list of the ESM should be given as an appendix to the cover letter. The authors should explain briefly why these ESM should be provided and why these ESM cannot be incorporated into the main body of the manuscript.

(延伸阅读:给JAC投稿如何准备Cover Letter? )

Title page

The title page should include:

  • A concise and informative title. Title should be succinct, objective, interesting and grammatically correct. The use of abbreviations, acronyms, and formulae in title is strongly discouraged. Only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns should be capitalized.
  • The name(s) of the author(s), with symbols to line each name with that author's institutional affiliation and an asterisk to denote the corresponding author(s). The author list should include only those who have made significant scientific contributions to the manuscript. Others who have contributed to the work should be noted in the Acknowledgements.
  • The affiliations and mailing addresses of the authors. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name.
  • The e-mail address(es) of the corresponding author(s).

Changes to the author list between initial submission and revision must be accompanied by an explanatory statement in the cover letter for the revision and a completed "Change in Authorship Request" form, which will be sent by the Journal Editorial Office. These changes will be accepted at the discretion of the Editor and may lead to rejection of the manuscript. Changes of authorship or the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.

Abstract and keywords

A concise and factual abstract is needed for manuscript except Comment and Reply to state the main purpose and research questions of the study, the methods, the main results, and the key conclusions. Abstract should be 120–250 words in length. No footnotes, references, figures, or tables may appear in the abstract.

Immediately after the abstract, please provide 4–6 keywords, which can be used for indexing purpose. Keywords are not required for Comment and Reply.


Main body

Manuscripts describing original research typically include the following sections: Introduction; Materials and method; Results and discussion; Conclusions. In submissions that have a significant theoretical or mathematical component, a section for the description of the analytical procedures may be required.


Heading/section levels (numbered): For regular research articles and review articles, please use the decimal system of headings. Please divide the article into clearly defined and consecutively numbered sections and subsections. Sections should be numbered 1, 2, etc. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to “the text”. Each section and subsection should be given a brief heading and each heading should appear on its own separate line. Review article should begin with an Introduction section and end with a Conclusions or Summary section. For Rapid Communication and Comment and Reply, no section levels are needed.

Abbreviations: Abbreviations should be defined at the point of first use and be used consistently thereafter. Abbreviations defined in the Abstract should be re-defined in the main text of the submission.

Footnotes: Essential footnotes to the text should be numbered consecutively and placed at the bottom of the page to which they refer. Footnotes to the table should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks) and placed immediately below the table.

Units: Please follow internationally accepted rules and conventions such as those defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in supplementary information.

Formulae and symbols: Formulae, symbols, and all subscripts, superscripts, Greek letters, and other characters must be legible and carefully checked. Standard mathematical notation should be used. All symbols used in manuscript must be explained. If necessary, a list of symbols may be provided and placed before the Introduction section.

Equations: Numbering consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text), and referring the equation with Eq. (1), Eq. (2) … in the text. For the simple formulae which appear in the line of normal text, please use solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., x/y. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by “exp”. In principle, variables should be presented in italics.

Figures: All the figures, including data plots, photographs, diagrammatic sketches, flow charts, etc., should be embedded, approximately in their final sizes, in the main text near the paragraph in which they are first referenced, not on separate page(s) at the end. All figures should be numbered using Arab numerals (figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters) and supplied with a figure caption. Please make sure that all elements found in the figure are identified in the caption. Figures should always be cited in text, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 … in consecutive numerical order. Color figures will remain in color in both the printed version and the online version of the journal, at no cost. The authors are encouraged to use color figures in the submitted manuscript.

Tables: All tables should be numbered using Arab numerals and supplied with a table title which explains clearly and concisely the components of the table. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript (for example, in figures). Tables should always be cited in the text, such as Table 1, Table 2 … in consecutive numerical order.

Appendix: An appendix, if needed, is presented without numbers. If there are two or more appendices, they should be numbered consecutively. Equations in appendices should be designated differently from those in the main body of the manuscript, e.g., (A1), (A2), etc. In each appendix equations should be numbered separately.

Acknowledgements: The content of Acknowledgments is a list of people who contributed to the work in the manuscript but are not named in the author list, and a list of funding sources that supported the research presented. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Do not include acknowledgements on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise.

Declaration of competing interest: Authors are required to disclose financial or non-financial interests that are directly or indirectly related to the work submitted for publication. Please refer to “Competing Interests” below for more information on how to complete this section. Please note: If no conflict exists and no ethics approval required, the authors should state:

  • Compliance with ethical standards.
  • Declaration of competing interest: The authors have no competing interests to declare that are relevant to the content of this article.
  • Ethical approval: This study does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Citations & references: References to the literature are cited by number in square brackets at appropriate locations (before a period, comma, etc.) in the text. Some examples are given below:

Please note that a submission may be rejected directly without review if the reference list does not meet the following guidelines.

(延伸阅读:参考文献要发挥出参考文献应有的作用 —— 兼谈论文的“结果与讨论)

All literature citations should be compiled in a numbered reference list at the end of the manuscript text (but before the Appendices), in the order of their first citation in the text. Each numbered reference may contain only one literature citation. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Papers just accepted for publication are cited by the DOI. Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal's name according to the ISSN List of Title World Abbreviations (https://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/). Some examples:

(a) Journal article

(b) Book (authored)

(c) Book chapter and paper in Proceedings

(d) Others

Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.


If Electronic Supplementary Material (ESM) is submitted, it will be published as received from the authors without any conversion, editing, or reformatting.

ESM are peer-reviewed materials directly relevant to the conclusions of a paper. Please note that the aims of ESM are only to provide additional, rather than necessary, supports for the conclusions of the paper. The authors are suggested to incorporate all the necessary information in the main text of the manuscript in order that the readers can understand the manuscript content easily and completely without the aid of the ESM. If supplying any ESM, the text must make specific mention of the material as a citation, similar to that of figures and tables (e.g., Fig. S1 in the ESM). Besides, a paragraph should be added before the “References” section (e.g., Electronic Supplementary Material: Supplementary material (add a brief description) is available in the online version of this article).

  • Information that cannot be printed, such as animations, video clips, sound recordings, etc., should be supplied always as electronic files with MP4 format.
  • Information that can be printed, such as text, figures, tables, etc., should be integrated into one electronic file with PDF format.

(延伸阅读:关于Electronic Supplementary Materials (ESM))


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